Concept of Siman-E- Mufrit (Obesity) According to Eminent Unani Physicians: A Review


  • Nazmeen P.G. Scholar, Dept. of Moalajat, Regional Research Institute of Unani Medicine, Hazratbal, Srinagar, India.
  • Syeda Ayeman Mazhar P.G. Scholar, Dept. of Tahaffuzi wa Samaji Tib (PSM), Faculty of Unani Medicine, AMU Aligarh, U.P., India.
  • Mohammed Sheeraz Lecturer, Dept. of Moalajat, Regional Research Institute of Unani Medicine, Hazratbal, Srinagar, India.


Obesity is a public health problem that has become an epidemic worldwide. The WHO now describes global obesity, or “globesity” as risks to human health. In Unani medicine obesity is termed as Siman-e- Mufrit means excessive fat and farbahi (Persian word) means Motapa (obese). Most of the Unani Physicians Buqrat, Rufas, Jalinoos, Rabban Tabari, Ibn Sina, Ibn Nafis, Zakariya Razi described Siman-e- Mufrit in classical Unani treatise with detailed description of its aetiology, sign and symptoms, complications and treatments. Siman-e-Mufrit is considered as balghami disease. Obesity is an important risk factor for hypertention, dyslipidaemia, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, obstructive sleep apnoea, fatty liver, osteoarthritis, and different types of carcinoma. This study was undertaken to provide a comprehensive view of Siman-e-Mufrit to halt its progression and complications thereby reducing the diseases burden. Extensive literature survey was carried out to suffice the objective which included scientific papers from reputed journals. Unani medicine has great potential in the management of obesity and its complications as well.

How to cite this article:
Nazmeen, Mazhar SA, Sheeraz M. Concept of Siman-E- Mufrit (Obesity) According to Eminent Unani Physicians: A Review. J Integ Comm Health 2020; 9(2): 19-21.


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