Factors Influencing the Family Planning Practices in Young Married Women (15-24 years) Living in Rural Area of District Etawah Uttar Pradesh: A Cross Sectional Study
Background: Among the young married women in the age group 15-
24 years the contraceptive prevalence rate (CPR) is only 27.7% which
is quite low than the target CPR of 60%. This study was undertaken
to explore the prevalence, factors, causes of non-use of contraceptive
among young married women living in rural area of district Etawah.
Material and Methods: A cross sectional study was carried out in the
rural area of district Etawah in randomly selected three villages. In each
selected village, we moved in one direction to identify married women
aged 15-24 years. We explained the study and purpose of our visit, and
sought willingness of the eligible women to participate in the study. All
the households were visited until at least 32 young married women (15-
24 years) were interviewed using a pre-tested questionnaire to obtain
the desired sample size of 96. The data was analysed using SPSS 24.0.
Results: Current use of contraceptives was found to be 33.8 % and
almost two-thirds (66.2%) of the participants weren’t using any sort
of contraception. The important reasons for non-use of contraception
were lack of knowledge/ hesitancy/ shyness/ embarrassment regarding
birth control about the contraception or place of availability of services,
opposition to contraceptive use by husband, relations and women’s
desire to urge pregnant. About one third of the ladies had no perceived
need for any contraception.
Conclusions: The findings showed that motivation of women to adopt
family planning method through counselling along with provision of
youth friendly services are needed to be address to achieve improvement
in contraceptive use among these young married women living in rural
How to cite this article:
Bharti RK, Pallavi, Kumar V, Soni K, Jain PK,
Singh N. Factors Influencing the Family Planning
Practices in Young Married Women (15-24 years)
Living in Rural Area of District Etawah Uttar
Pradesh: A Cross Sectional Study. Int J HealthCare
Edu & Med Inform. 2021;8(4):19-23.
Bhuyan K, Ali I, Barua SJ. Role of no scalpel vasectomy
in male sterilization. Indian J Surg. 2012;74(4):284-287.
[PubMed] [Google Scholar]
de Oliveira IT, Dias JG, Padmadas SS. Dominance of
sterilization and alternative choices of contraception in
India: an appraisal of the socioeconomic impact. PLoS
One. 2014;9(1):e86654. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
Singh A, Ram F. Men’s involvement during pregnancy
and childbirth: evidence from rural Ahmadnagar, India.
Popul Rev. 2009;48(1):83-102. [Google Scholar]
Jain R, Muralidhar S. Contraceptive methods: needs,
options and utilization. J Obstet Gynaecol India.
;61(6):626-634. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
Joshi R, Khadilkar S, Patel M. Global trends in use of
long-acting reversible and permanent methods of
contraception: seeking a balance. Int J Gynaecol Obstet.
;131(1):S60-S63. [Google Scholar]
Arora N, Choudhary S, Raghunandan C. Young women
opting for tubal sterilization in rural India: reasons and
implications. J Obstet Gynaeco. 2010;30(2):175-178.
PubMed] [Google Scholar]
Perry B, Packer C, Chin Quee D, Zan T, Dulli L, Shattuck
D. Recent experience and lessons learned in vasectomy
programming in lowresource settings: a document
review; 2016. The Population Council, The Evidence
Project. Durham, NC: FHI 360 and Washington,
DC. [Google Scholar]
Madhukumar S, Pavithra MB. A study about perceptions,
attitude, and knowledge among men toward vasectomy
in Bangalore rural population. Int J Med Sci Public
Health. 2015;4(8):1066-70. [Google Scholar]
Mahapatra S, Narula C, Thakur CP, Kalita TJ, Mehra R.
Assessment of knowledge and perception regarding
male sterilization (Non-Scalpel Vasectomy) among
community health workers in Jharkhand, India. Indian
J Comm Health. 2014;26(4):428-433. [Google Scholar]
Brault MA, Schensul SL, Singh R, Verma RK. Multilevel
perspectives on female sterilization in low-income
comm. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
National Family Health Survey [Internet]. Rchiips.org.
- 16 [cited 2 April 2017]. Available from: http://
Vital Statistics Division, Office of the Registrar General
& Census Commissioner. Annual Health Survey, 2012-
, Fact Sheet, Uttar Pradesh. New Delhi: Office of the
Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India;2013.
Available from: www.censusindia.gov.in.
Office of the Registrar General and Census
Commissioner, Government of India. Census 2011, Web
Edition, Provisional Population totals, Series 1, India.
New Delhi: Office of the Registrar General and Census
Commissioner, Government of India; 2011. Available
from website: http:// www. Censusindia.gov.in/.
International Institute for Population Sciences. National
Family Health Survey (NFHS-3), 2005-06, Uttar Pradesh.
Mumbai: International Institute for Population Sciences;
;1:192-222. Available from website: http://www.
Rajaretnam T, Deshpande R.V. Factors inhibiting
the use of reversible contraceptive methods in
rural South India. Stud Fam Plann. 1994;25(2):111-
[PubMed] [Google Scholar].
Ram N, Ajeet VS. An experience of contraceptive
practices among currently married females in
an urban slum of Nagpur. Ind J Basic Appl Med
Res. 2015;4(4):384-93. [Google Scholar]
Kumar M, Meena J, Sharma S, Poddar A, Dhalliwal V,
ModiSatish Chander Modi SC, Singh K. Contraceptive
use among low-income urban married women in India.
J Sex Med. 2011 Feb;8(2):376-82. doi: 10.1111/j.1743-
2010.02047.x. Epub 2010 Oct 4. PubMed PMID:
Copyright (c) 2021 Rakesh Bharti, Pallavi, Vineet Kumar, Kanchan Soni, Pankaj Kumar Jain, Naresh Pal singh
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.