Effectiveness of Structured Teaching Program on Knowledge regarding Basic Life Support among G.N.M. Student in Selected College of Indore

Authors

  • Amita Joseph Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan University Bhopal, India.
  • Bharti Batra Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan University Bhopal, India.

Keywords:

Basic Life Support, Teaching

Abstract

Introduction: According to Times of India report, the death rate due to cardiac disease has declined significantly in the USA and even it continues to rise in India with cardiovascular disease being the leading cause of death. In India, it rose around 34 percent from 155.7 to 209.1 deaths per one lakh population.

Aim: To assess the effectiveness of structured teaching program regarding knowledge on basic life support among the G.N.M students of selected colleges of Indore.

Materials and Methods: An evaluatory approach was used for the study. One group pre-test post-test design was used for the study. Study was conducted in Sri Aurobindo Institute of Medical Sciences G.N.M Students of Indore and duration was 11 February 2019 to 31 march 2019. The sample consisted of 50 G.N.M students selected by Non-Probability convenient sampling technique. Data was collected by administering structured knowledge questionnaire after that structured teaching program on basic life support was administered and post-test was taken after 6 days. Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics (paired t test and chi-square test).

Results: The pre-test of the samples shows that 32 (64%) out of 50 had poor knowledge, 16 (32%) had average knowledge and 2 (4%) had good knowledge about the Basic Life Support. After providing structured teaching program to the student then again post-test was assessed, it clearly indicates that 34 (68%) had good knowledge, 16 (32%) had average knowledge. This means that the structured teaching program was effective to improve knowledge of the students.

Conclusion: The finding of this study indicates that structured teaching program on Basic Life Support appears to be effective in improving knowledge of G.N.M students.

References

1. Sushmi Dey, Times Of India Report. 2018.
2. Capucci A, Aschieri D, Guerra F et al. Community-based automated external defibrillator only resuscitation
for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients. Am Heart J 2016; 172: 192-200.
3. Narayan DP, Biradar SV, Reddy MT et al. Assessment of knowledge and attitude about basic life support among dental interns and postgraduate students in Bangalore city, India. World J Emerg Med 2015; 6: 118-122.
4. Blom MT, Beesems SG, Homma PC et al. Improved survival after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest and use
of automated external defibrillators. Circulation 2014; 130: 1868-1875.
5. Kumari KM, Amberkar MB, Alur SS et al. Clinical awareness of do’s and don’ts of Cardiopulmonary
Resuscitation (CPR) among university medical students - a questionnaire study. J Clin Diagn Res 2014; 8: 8-11.
6. The Trained Nurses Association of India (TNAI). Medical surgical nursing: a nursing process approach, Edition
first. 2013; 725-726.
7. Perkins GD, Kimani PK, Bullock I et al. Improving the efficiency of advanced life support training: a
randomized, controlled trial. Ann Intern Med 2012; 157: 19-28.
8. Rao BH, Sastry BK, Chugh SS et al. Contribution of sudden cardiac death to total mortality in India-a
population-based study. Int J Cardiol. 2012; 154: 163- 167.
9. Roshana S, Kh B, Rm P et al. Basic life support: knowledge and attitude of medical/ paramedical
professionals. World J Emerg Med 2012; 3: 141-145.
10. Smith JM. Potential role of pharmacy students on hospital cardiopulmonary resuscitation response
teams. Am J Health Syst Pharm 2012; 69: 369-370.
11. Chandrasekaran S, Kumar S, Bhat SA et al. Awareness of basic life support among medical, dental, nursing
students and doctors. Indian J Anaesth. 2010; 54: 121-126.
12. Field JM, Hazinski MF, Sayre MR et al. Part 1: Executive summary: 2010 American Heart Association guidelines
for cardiopulmonary resuscitation and emergency cardiovascular care. Circulation 2010; 122: S640-56.
13. Travers AH, Rea TD, Bobrow BJ et al. Part 4: CPR Overview: 2010 American Heart Association guidelines
for cardiopulmonary resuscitation and emergency cardiovascular care. Circulation 2010; 122: 676-684.
14. Sasson C, Rogers MA, Dahl J et al. Predictors of survival from out of hospital cardiac arrest: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes 2010; 3: 63-81.
15. Lima SG, Macedo LA, Vidal Mde L et al. Permanent education in BLS and ACLS: impact on the knowledge
of nursing professionals. Arq Bras Cardiol 2009; 93: 582-588.
16. Al-Turki YA, Al-Fraih YS, Jalaly JB et al. Knowledge and attitudes towards cardiopulmonary resuscitation
among university students in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Saudi Med J 2008; 29: 1306-1309.
17. Hatzakis KD, Kritsotakis EI, Karadimitri S et al. Community cardiopulmonary resuscitation training
in Greece. Res Nurs Health 2008; 31(2): 165-171.
18. Miyadahira AM, Quilici AP, Martins Cda C et al. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation with semi-automated external defibrillator: assessment of the teachinglearning process. Rev Esc Enferm USP 2008; 42: 532-
538.
19. American Heart Association, Guidelines for cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency
Cardiovascular Care, 2005.
20. Pearn J. Successful cardiopulmonary resuscitation outcome reviews. Resuscitation 2000; 47: 311-316.
21. Gombotz H, Weh B, Mitterndorfer W et al. In-hospital cardiac resuscitation outside the ICU by nursing staff
equipped with automated external defibrillators - the first 500 cases. Resuscitation 2006; 70: 416-422.
22. Edomwonyi NP, Egbagbe EE. The level of awareness of cardio-pulmonary resuscitation (CPR) amongst
radiographers in Nigeria. JMBR 2006; 5: 29-35.
23. Madden C. Undergraduate nursing students’ acquisition and retention of CPR knowledge and skills. Nurse Educ Today 2006; 26: 218-27.
24. Swor R, Khan I, Domeier R et al. CPR training and CPR performance: do CPR trained bystander perform CPR?Acad Emerg Med 2006; 13: 596-601.
25. Larsen P, Pearson J, Galletly D. Knowledge and attitudes towards cardiopulmonary resuscitation in
the community. NZ Med J 2004; 117: U870.
26. Ragavan S, Schneider H, Kloeck WG. Basic resuscitation knowledge and skills of full-time medical practitioners
at public hospitals in northern province. S Afr Med J 2000; 90: 504-508.

Downloads

Published

2019-06-07