Effect of Hijamah (Dry Cupping) on Frozen Shoulder: A Case Study


  • Mohammad Abid Research Associate, Hijamah Section, All India Institute of Ayurveda, New Delhi, India.
  • Humera Shazia Senior Research Fellow (Unani), Hijamah Section, All India Institute of Ayurveda, New Delhi, India.
  • Sadaf Khan Research Scholar, Department of Samhita Siddhant, All India Institute of Ayurveda, New Delhi, India.
  • Tamanna Nazli Research Officer, Unani Medical Centre, Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi, India.
  • Raja Ram Mahto Assistant Professor, Department of Kaya Chikitsa (Internal Medicine), All India Institute of Ayurveda, New Delhi, India.


Frozen shoulder or adhesive capsulitis is one of the most common causes of shoulder pain and disability in the general population. Its prevalence is 2-5% in the general population and 10-20% among diabetics. It predominantly affects females and most commonly affects people between the ages of 40 and 60 years. The left shoulder is more likely to be affected, with both shoulders affected in 12% of cases. A case study is presented to illustrate the clinical presentation, aetiology, diagnosis, radiological assessment, and management of frozen shoulder through Hijamah bila shurt (dry cupping) in a 60-year-old diabetic male patient. The present case was studied for over 8 weeks; Hijamah (dry cupping) was done on prescribed points for the affected shoulder twice a week for 8 weeks, and assessment was done at baseline and every 2 weeks. This study concluded that regimental therapy Hijamah bila shurt (dry cupping) has a significant effect in reducing pain, stiffness of joints, and increasing range of motion in frozen shoulder.

How to cite this article:
Abid M, Humera S, Khan S, Nazli T, Mahto RR. Effect of Hijamah (Dry Cupping) on Frozen Shoulder: A Case Study. J Adv Res Ayur Yoga Unani Sidd Homeo. 2021;8(1&2):14-17.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.24321/2394.6547.202105


Grubbs N. Frozen shoulder syndrome: A review of literature. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 1993;18(3):479-

[PubMed] [Google Scholar]

Duplay ES. De la periarthritescapulohumeraleet des raideurs de l’epaule qui en son la consequence. Arch

Gen Med. 1872.

Anton HA. Frozen shoulder. Can Fam Physician. 1993;39:1773-8. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]

Wadsworth CT. Frozen shoulder. Phys Ther. 1986;66(12):1878-83. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]

Codman EA. The shoulder: Rupture of the Supraspinatus Tendon and Other Lesions in or about the Subacromial

Bursa. Boston: Thomas & Todd Co; 1934.

Leahy PM. Active release techniques, soft tissue management system for the upper extremity. Colorado Springs: Active Release Techniques; 1996. p. 40,52,54,58,68.

Lundberg BJ. The frozen shoulder. Clinical and radiographical observations. The effect of manipulation under general anesthesia. Structure and glycosaminoglycan content of the joint capsule. Local bone metabolism. Acta Orthop Scand Suppl. 1969;119:1-59. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]

Reeves B. The natural history of the frozen shoulder syndrome.Scand J Rheumatol 1975; 4:193-196.17

Bergman TF, Peterson DH, Lawrence DJ.Chiropractic Technique. New York: Churchill Livingstone Inc. 1993;


Pearsall AW, Speer KP. Frozen shoulder syndrome: diagnostic and treatment strategies in the primary

care setting. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1998;30(4):S33-9. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]

Mulla G, Ghawte SA, Rahman R. Highlights of Hijamah (Cupping Therapy) The Highway to Health. 2nd ed.

ISBN: 9781630413057, 1630413054

Imam MH, Alam MI, Perveen A, Goswami A, Khan Q, Ahmad T. Management of frozen shoulder with

oil cupping massage: A case study. Imam J Appl Sci. 2017;2:49-53. [Google Scholar]

Raheem A, Nazli T, Saeed A, Alvi R, Kalaivani M. Effectiveness of Fire Cupping (Hijamah Nariya) versus

dry warm Fomentation (Takmeed Yabis) in Chronic Neck Pain - A Randomized Control Trial. J Integ Comm

Health. 2019;8(1):21-32. [Google Scholar]