Anti-Diabetic Property of Catharanthus roseus leaves and Psidium guajava Leaves
Keywords:Catharanthus roseus, alkaloids, Psidium guajava, Diabetes Mellitus
Background: Sadabahar (Catharanthus roseus) termed as periwinkle all over India, belongs to ‘Apocynaceae’ family, and is an evergreen everblooming bushy herb in tropical parts of the world like India, America, Australia and Malaysia. The leaves consist of alkaloids like vincristine and vinblastine that provide medicinal benefits like anti-diabetic, anti-cancer and anti-microbial traits. Guava (Psidium guajava) is a fruit consumed in various countries, harvested in tropical and subtropical areas. It is an evergreen tree, belongs to Myrtaceae family. Guava leaves are rich in flavonoids, carotenoids, aldehydes, tannins and vitamin C. The leaves are effective in management of diabetes and obesity. Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder caused by changes in carbohydrate, protein, and fat metabolism, expressed with high sugar or glucose levels in the blood. The disease for prolonged period of time leads to retinopathy, high blood pressure and cardiovascular disease. Aim: To study the health benefits of Sadabahar and guava leaves for diabetic patients. Methods: Research papers related to the benefits of Sadabahar and guava leaves are studied and the finding of each article reviewed. Result and Conclusion: The diabetic patients must include dried Sadabahar and Guava leaves powder regularly in their daily dietary routine, as the use of herbal products in treating diabetes is increasing day by day because of no side effects. Therefore, there is an increased need for product development using Sadabahar and guava leaves for diabetes.
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