Physiology of Dhatu Poshan (Tissue Nutrition)
Keywords:Dhatu Poshan Siddhanta, Ayurveda, Cell Physiology, Tissue Nutrition
In Ayurveda human body formed by Doshadhatumalamoolam-hi -Shariram (Acharya Sushruta). Dhatu forms with ‘dha’ (dharana karna) adding with suffix ‘Tin.’ It means in Sanskrit “nirman ke liye mool tatva (basic elements for construction).” Another is ‘dhranaat dharyati,’ which means ‘that which bears.’ The basic constituent unit of a living being is always a functional cell. By the nourishment from Aahar-Vihar and Aushadh affect the Dhatu nirman. Ayurveda describe seven types of Dhatu and their sub tissue (Updhatu). There is also a description about their kshaya (depletion) and vradhhi (enhancement) which is follow an another theory of samaanya- vishesha-sidhhanta. Under Cell physiology; digestion, absorbtion, metabolism, energy transformation and tissue nutrition can be co-related with Dhatu Poshan Sidhhant.1 Ancient texts very well known about anatomy and physiology of body from uterine life to after birth. This review may be helpful to open the door of future research area in the field of reverse scientific approach of Ayurveda in the context of Dhatu Poshana Siddhanta.
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